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(Death toll from Britian and U.S.-backed counterinsurgency in the Greece civil war 1946-1949: 158,000)
(Death toll from U.S.-backed military junta in Greece 1967-1974: Tens of thousands)

King George II and government flee to Egypt.

1942 - 1944 - Fierce resistance to the occupation by communist and royalist factions alike.

1944 - British and Greek forces combine to force Nazi withdrawal. With backing from Britain, Georgios Papandreou becomes prime minister. Communists protest. Tensions rise and there is sporadic violence.

1941-1945: Andartiko - the Greek Resistance

1946 - 1949 - Royalist parties win elections, restore monarchy. Ensuing civil war ends with defeat of communist forces.

Greece 1946-to early 1950s: From Cradle of Democracy to Client State
Tying Greece to the West: 1949-1974

Murder Inc. In Greece

The Truman Doctrine and the Greek Civil War

1947-1970s, Greece: Helping Fascists in Civil War and Coup

Iraq and Lessons from Greece

1952 - New constitution declares Greece a parliamentary democracy with a monarch as head of state. Greece joins Nato.

1955 - Konstantinos Karamanlis becomes prime minister.

1964 - King Constantine II succeeds his father, Paul.

1967 - Group of army officers seize power in military coup. Elections are postponed indefinitely and Col George Papadopoulos takes office as prime minister.

Greece 1964-1974 "Fuck your Parliament and your Constitution," said the President of the United States
The Coup In Athens

The Rise of the Junta in Greece

The CIA's Greatest Hits: Greece

Hundreds of political activists are arrested under a regime characterised by brutality and repression.

1973 - Greece declared a republic, the monarchy is abolished and Papadopoulos assumes the presidency.

Opposition to military rule leads to increasing unrest. Papadopoulos overthrown in bloodless coup by Brigadier-General Demetrios Ioannidis, commander of the military police. He partially restores civilian rule but retains large measure of power.

1974 - An Athens-backed coup against President Makarios of Cyprus is followed by Turkish invasion and occupation of north of the island.

Ioannidis government collapses. Exiled Karamanlis recalled and sworn in as prime minister. Referendum rejects restoration of monarchy.