toll from Britian and U.S.-backed counterinsurgency in the Greece civil war 1946-1949: 158,000)
(Death toll from U.S.-backed
military junta in Greece 1967-1974: Tens of thousands)
King George II and government flee to Egypt.
- 1944 - Fierce resistance to the occupation by communist and royalist factions alike.
1944 - British and Greek forces
combine to force Nazi withdrawal. With backing from Britain, Georgios Papandreou becomes prime minister. Communists protest.
Tensions rise and there is sporadic violence.
1941-1945: Andartiko - the Greek Resistance 1946 - 1949 - Royalist parties win elections, restore
monarchy. Ensuing civil war ends with defeat of communist forces.
Greece 1946-to early 1950s: From Cradle of Democracy to Client
The Coup In AthensThe Rise of the Junta in GreeceThe CIA's Greatest Hits: GreeceHundreds of political activists are arrested under a
regime characterised by brutality and repression.
1973 - Greece declared a republic, the monarchy is abolished and
Papadopoulos assumes the presidency.
Opposition to military rule leads to increasing unrest. Papadopoulos overthrown
in bloodless coup by Brigadier-General Demetrios Ioannidis, commander of the military police. He partially restores civilian
rule but retains large measure of power.
1974 - An Athens-backed coup against President Makarios of Cyprus is followed
by Turkish invasion and occupation of north of the island.
Ioannidis government collapses. Exiled Karamanlis recalled
and sworn in as prime minister. Referendum rejects restoration of monarchy.